CERFBERR, HERZ

CERFBERR, HERZ (1726–1794), French politician and philanthropist. Born in Medelsheim, Alsace, Cerfberr prospered as an army contractor and employed his wealth and influence to promote the welfare of his community. After receiving French citizenship in 1775 "for services to the country," Cerfberr established several factories where he employed Jews. In this way he realized an ideal characteristic of the Emancipation era: to help Jews to withdraw from petty trading and to engage in manual labor. With his sons Max and Baruch, Cerfberr played a prominent part in the struggle for Jewish emancipation in France. In 1780 Cerfberr asked moses mendelssohn to help him in his efforts on behalf of the Alsatian Jews. Mendelssohn referred Cerfberr to C.W. Dohm , who included Cerfberr's memorandum in his Ueber die buergerliche Verbesserung der Juden, which had great influence in the fight for Jewish emancipation. Cerfberr had Dohm's book translated into French. These efforts brought about the appointment of a commission which was to report to the king on the legal condition of Jews, and led to the abolition of the polltax for Jews. Cerfberr was arrested and imprisoned for a year on suspicion of royalist sympathies during the Reign of Terror. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Graetz, Gesch, 11 (1900), 171ff.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cerfberr, Herz — (1726 94)    Alsatian Jewish leader. He worked as an army contractor and employed many Jews in his factories. In 1780 he asked Moses Mendelssohn to help him in his efforts to improve the position of the Jews in Alsace. He commissioned a… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Cerf (surname) — Cerf is a surname, and may refer to: Bennett Cerf (1898–1971), publisher and co founder of Random House Christopher Cerf (born 1941), his son, American author, composer lyricist, and record and television producer Jonathan Cerf, his son, author… …   Wikipedia

  • ALSACE — ALSACE, former province of the Germanic (Holy Roman) Empire, and from 1648, of france , including the present department of Haut Rhin and Bas Rhin. Middle Ages The first evidence of Jews in Alsace is reported by benjamin of Tudela who mentions (c …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • FRENCH REVOLUTION — Position of the Jews before the Revolution The nature, status, and rights of the Jews became an issue of public consequence in france in the last two decades before the outbreak of the Revolution in 1789. The Jewish population was then divided… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Medelsheim (disambiguation) — Medelsheim Medelsheim (de) Family names Herz Cerfbeer of Medelsheim Maximilien Charles Alphonse Cerfberr of Medelsheim Samson Cerfberr of Medelsheim Categories: Jewish familiesJewish history stubsGermany stubs …   Wikipedia

  • AUERBACH, ABRAHAM BEN SELIG AVI'EZRI — (1763–1845), Alsatian rabbi. Auerbach, a nephew of david sinzheim , was born in Bouxwiller. He was in charge of the affairs of the Strasbourg community, subsequently serving as rabbi of Forbach (Alsace), Neuwied, Coblenz, and Bonn. During the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • CONTRACTORS — Persons contracted for army supply and building, mainly road construction. While the initial possession of financial and commercial expertise and substantial resources was a necessary prerequisite for engaging in this occupation, it provided a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jerusalem (Mendelssohn) — Title page of the first edition (Berlin: Friedrich Maurer, 1783) …   Wikipedia

  • Balzac — (spr. sack), 1) Jean Louis Guez de, franz. Schriftsteller, geb. 1597 in Angoulême, wurde unter Richelieu Staatsrat, Historiograph von Frankreich und Mitglied der Akademie und starb auf seinem Schloß an der Charente 18. Febr. 1654. B. hat auf die… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • FRANCE — (Heb. פְרַאנְצִיָּה and צָרְפַת), country in Western Europe. This entry is arranged according to the following outline: from the first settlements unil the revolution the roman and merovingian periods from the carolingians until the eve of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.